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About the Poll

The CIRCLE Pre-2024 Election Youth Survey was developed by CIRCLE at Tufts University, and the polling firm Ipsos collected the data from their nationally representative panel of respondents between October 25 and November 2, 2023. The study surveyed a total of 2,017 self-reported U.S. citizens ages 18 to 34 in the United States; unless otherwise mentioned, data are for all 18- to 34-year-olds in our sample. When data is reported by educational experience (college/no college) the sample used is youth ages 21-34 in order to account for young people who may pursue higher education later in life.

The margin of sampling error for the entire sample is +/- 2.63 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. Margins of error for racial and ethnic subgroups at the 95% confidence level are as follows: White Non-Hispanic (3.17%), Black Non-Hispanic (8.11%), and Latino (6.41%). The margins of error for Asian American youth and for Multiracial/Other youth are above 10%.

Youth in 2024: Likely to Vote and Ready to Drive Action on Key Issues

The first major analysis of CIRCLE's Pre-2024 Election Youth Survey found that the majority of young people say they're extremely likely to vote, prefer a Democratic presidential candidate to a Republican, and are concerned about major economic and social issues like the cost of living, gun violence, and climate change.

More Data and Analysis

Queer Youth

About 1 in 5 young people in our survey are queer, a group that's diverse and politically active but also struggling mentally and feeling unsupported.

Rural Youth

CIRCLE survey data suggests young people in rural communities need more than access to information and opportunities: they need support to vote and take civic action.  

Youth Voice in Schools

CIRCLE research shows a positive relationship between political participation and opportunities for students to develop their voice in high school.

Youth and Climate Change

A comprehensive analysis and report of young people's relationship to the issue of climate change based on CIRCLE's Pre-2024 Election Youth Survey


The Center for Information & Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE) is a non-partisan, independent research organization focused on youth civic engagement in the United States. We conduct extensive research on youth participation, and we leverage that research to improve opportunities for all young people to acquire and use the skills and knowledge they need to meaningfully participate in civic life. In all of our work, we are especially concerned with understanding, addressing, and ultimately eliminating the systemic barriers that keep some young people marginalized from and underrepresented in civic life. CIRCLE is part of the Tisch College of Civic Life at Tufts University.

About Our Supporters

The CIRCLE Pre-2024 Election Youth Survey was supported by ACE and Climate Power.

  • Action for the Climate Emergency (ACE) is a national 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization that works at the nexus of youth, climate, media, and civic engagement to accelerate our pathway to a decarbonized world. ACE engaged more than 30 million young voters in its nonpartisan voter education and civic engagement programs during the 2022 midterm elections. ACE utilizes leading-edge media strategies to combat dangerous disinformation, drive action-taking, and increase diverse participation in the democratic process. 
  • Climate Power is an independent strategic communications and paid media operation focused on educating Americans about climate action. Climate Power integrates hard-hitting research, polling, state and national earned media, digital and paid media to elevate the urgency of the climate crisis and inform the public about the bold action taken to combat climate change.

Additional support was provided by the Rural Democracy Initiative, the Alliance for Youth Action, and Kettering Foundation.