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Running for Office

One way young people can pursue and effect change in their communities is by running for office themselves. Our 2022 white paper examines who runs for office, who is interested in doing so, what barriers they perceive, and what communities and institutions can do to support them.

Youth and COVID-19

Even as they've been battered economically by the pandemic, with their educational and professional lives upended, young people are deeply engaged in trying to help their communities during the COVID-19 crisis.

Online to Offline

Young people are increasingly taking their activism and organizing from the Twitter post to the streets. Our 2018 research found that youth who participated in political actions online were more likely to protest, vote,

Activism in 2018

One of the key youth civic engagement trends throughout 2018 was a rise in youth activism spurred in part by the school shooting in Parkland, Florida. Our research found that youth-led movement was directly connected to a rise in youth voting.


Young people bring many assets to community-building work, which too often are not valued or leveraged. Communities should have varied avenues for a wide diversity of young people’s voices to be heard and for youth to contribute to a thriving community. Young people pursue and create change when they participate in school civics projects that involve addressing local problems, when they work with others in their neighborhood, when they work as part of organizations that enhance youth voices in communities, and in myriad other ways.

Activism, community organizing, and participation in social movements are powerful forms of civic engagement. Throughout American history, these avenues for change have often been led and fueled by young people. Youth activism has an extraordinary potential to transform communities, and it carries important benefits to those who participate—especially for low-income youth, youth of color, and other young people who have been historically marginalized from civic life.

Community-based organizations often drive this work, along with young leaders themselves, but sustainable youth engagement can come when communities create more support for youth voices to ensure that community-decision-making is informed by a wide range of youth—especially those directly impacted by community change.

Themes and Areas of Research

Activism on the Rise

In recent years, young people have increasingly engaged in activism, whether participating in protests or actively supporting candidates for public office. Our 2018 youth survey found that the rates of various types of youth activism went up between 2016 and 2018, and that Democrats are more likely to participate.

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Learning, Empowerment, and Impact: The Benefits of Participation

Young people who engage in activism and service experience personal growth, expand their networks, often receive mentoring, and can enjoy opportunities to expand their impact by participating in broader political and community leadership. Activism and other forms of civic participation can also be a pathway to redressing inequity and advancing economic mobility. There are clear and compelling links between core civic participation and leadership skills and competencies and skills that are valued in the workplace. Young people who engage in this type of work must be able to find opportunities to move up within and outside of the organizing sector.

These connections are especially important for young people from historically marginalized or underrepresented communities, who may have been denied these developmental opportunities but who can find in activism and community work a chance to acquire valuable skills and networks.

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Civic Learning and Community Change

The civics classroom—and civic learning education more broadly—can be an important way that young people not just learn how to effect change in their communities and on the issues they care about, but actually do it. Approaches like service learning and action civics that center young people's voices and concerns, have them work on issues they care about, and provide opportunities for reflection as part of broader learning and development, are especially promising. Much of our research on civic education focuses on these connections between learning and action, highlighting best practices for this type of civic learning and its potential to serve as the foundation for youth becoming civic actors and agents of change.

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In the News

Teens and Young Adults are Taking on Roles as Activists

VPM News
Twenty seven percent, compared with 5% in 2016, of young adults indicated that they had participated in street protests, and more than half responded that they had actively worked to encourage their peers to vote. Eighty three percent said that they believe young people have the power to change the country.